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ciphers(1)



NAME

ciphers - SSL cipher display and cipher list tool.


SYNOPSIS

openssl ciphers [-s] [-v] [-V] [-ssl2] [-ssl3] [-tls1] [-stdname] [cipherlist]


DESCRIPTION

The ciphers command converts textual OpenSSL cipher lists into ordered SSL cipher preference lists. It can be used as a test tool to determine the appropriate cipherlist.


COMMAND OPTIONS

-s

Only list supported ciphers: those consistent with the security level. This is the actual cipher list an application will support. If this option is not used then ciphers excluded by the security level will still be listed.

-v

Verbose option. List ciphers with a complete description of protocol version (SSLv2 or SSLv3; the latter includes TLS), key exchange, authentication, encryption and mac algorithms used along with any key size restrictions and whether the algorithm is classed as an ``export'' cipher. Note that without the -v option, ciphers may seem to appear twice in a cipher list; this is when similar ciphers are available for SSL v2 and for SSL v3/TLS v1.

-V

Like -v, but include cipher suite codes in output (hex format).

-ssl3

only include SSL v3 ciphers.

-ssl2

only include SSL v2 ciphers.

-tls1

only include TLS v1 ciphers.

-stdname

precede each ciphersuite by its standard name: only available is OpenSSL is built with tracing enabled (enable-ssl-trace argument to Configure).

-h, -?

print a brief usage message.

cipherlist

a cipher list to convert to a cipher preference list. If it is not included then the default cipher list will be used. The format is described below.


CIPHER LIST FORMAT

The cipher list consists of one or more cipher strings separated by colons. Commas or spaces are also acceptable separators but colons are normally used.

The actual cipher string can take several different forms.

It can consist of a single cipher suite such as RC4-SHA.

It can represent a list of cipher suites containing a certain algorithm, or cipher suites of a certain type. For example SHA1 represents all ciphers suites using the digest algorithm SHA1 and SSLv3 represents all SSL v3 algorithms.

Lists of cipher suites can be combined in a single cipher string using the + character. This is used as a logical and operation. For example SHA1+DES represents all cipher suites containing the SHA1 and the DES algorithms.

Each cipher string can be optionally preceded by the characters !, - or +.

If ! is used then the ciphers are permanently deleted from the list. The ciphers deleted can never reappear in the list even if they are explicitly stated.

If - is used then the ciphers are deleted from the list, but some or all of the ciphers can be added again by later options.

If + is used then the ciphers are moved to the end of the list. This option doesn't add any new ciphers it just moves matching existing ones.

If none of these characters is present then the string is just interpreted as a list of ciphers to be appended to the current preference list. If the list includes any ciphers already present they will be ignored: that is they will not moved to the end of the list.

The cipher string @STRENGTH can be used at any point to sort the current cipher list in order of encryption algorithm key length.

The cipher string @SECLEVEL=n can be used at any point to set the security level to n.


CIPHER STRINGS

The following is a list of all permitted cipher strings and their meanings.

DEFAULT

the default cipher list. This is determined at compile time and, as of OpenSSL 1.0.0, is normally ALL:!aNULL:!eNULL. This must be the first cipher string specified.

COMPLEMENTOFDEFAULT

the ciphers included in ALL, but not enabled by default. Currently this is ADH and AECDH. Note that this rule does not cover eNULL, which is not included by ALL (use COMPLEMENTOFALL if necessary).

ALL

all cipher suites except the eNULL ciphers which must be explicitly enabled; as of OpenSSL, the ALL cipher suites are reasonably ordered by default

COMPLEMENTOFALL

the cipher suites not enabled by ALL, currently being eNULL.

HIGH

``high'' encryption cipher suites. This currently means those with key lengths larger than 128 bits, and some cipher suites with 128-bit keys.

MEDIUM

``medium'' encryption cipher suites, currently some of those using 128 bit encryption.

LOW

``low'' encryption cipher suites, currently those using 64 or 56 bit encryption algorithms but excluding export cipher suites.

EXP, EXPORT

export encryption algorithms. Including 40 and 56 bits algorithms.

EXPORT40

40 bit export encryption algorithms

EXPORT56

56 bit export encryption algorithms. In OpenSSL 0.9.8c and later the set of 56 bit export ciphers is empty unless OpenSSL has been explicitly configured with support for experimental ciphers.

eNULL, NULL

the ``NULL'' ciphers that is those offering no encryption. Because these offer no encryption at all and are a security risk they are disabled unless explicitly included.

aNULL

the cipher suites offering no authentication. This is currently the anonymous DH algorithms and anonymous ECDH algorithms. These cipher suites are vulnerable to a ``man in the middle'' attack and so their use is normally discouraged.

kRSA, aRSA, RSA

cipher suites using RSA key exchange, authentication or either respectively.

kDHr, kDHd, kDH

cipher suites using DH key agreement and DH certificates signed by CAs with RSA and DSS keys or either respectively.

kDHE, kEDH

cipher suites using ephemeral DH key agreement, including anonymous cipher suites.

DHE, EDH

cipher suites using authenticated ephemeral DH key agreement.

ADH

anonymous DH cipher suites, note that this does not include anonymous Elliptic Curve DH (ECDH) cipher suites.

DH

cipher suites using DH, including anonymous DH, ephemeral DH and fixed DH.

kECDHr, kECDHe, kECDH

cipher suites using fixed ECDH key agreement signed by CAs with RSA and ECDSA keys or either respectively.

kEECDH, kECDHE

cipher suites using ephemeral ECDH key agreement, including anonymous cipher suites.

ECDHE, EECDHE

cipher suites using authenticated ephemeral ECDH key agreement.

AECDH

anonymous Elliptic Curve Diffie Hellman cipher suites.

ECDH

cipher suites using ECDH key exchange, including anonymous, ephemeral and fixed ECDH.

aDSS, DSS

cipher suites using DSS authentication, i.e. the certificates carry DSS keys.

aDH

cipher suites effectively using DH authentication, i.e. the certificates carry DH keys.

aECDH

cipher suites effectively using ECDH authentication, i.e. the certificates carry ECDH keys.

aECDSA, ECDSA

cipher suites using ECDSA authentication, i.e. the certificates carry ECDSA keys.

kFZA, aFZA, eFZA, FZA

ciphers suites using FORTEZZA key exchange, authentication, encryption or all FORTEZZA algorithms. Not implemented.

TLSv1.2, TLSv1, SSLv3, SSLv2

TLS v1.2, TLS v1.0, SSL v3.0 or SSL v2.0 cipher suites respectively. Note: there are no ciphersuites specific to TLS v1.1.

AES128, AES256, AES

cipher suites using 128 bit AES, 256 bit AES or either 128 or 256 bit AES.

AESGCM

AES in Galois Counter Mode (GCM): these ciphersuites are only supported in TLS v1.2.

CAMELLIA128, CAMELLIA256, CAMELLIA

cipher suites using 128 bit CAMELLIA, 256 bit CAMELLIA or either 128 or 256 bit CAMELLIA.

3DES

cipher suites using triple DES.

DES

cipher suites using DES (not triple DES).

RC4

cipher suites using RC4.

RC2

cipher suites using RC2.

IDEA

cipher suites using IDEA.

SEED

cipher suites using SEED.

MD5

cipher suites using MD5.

SHA1, SHA

cipher suites using SHA1.

SHA256, SHA384

ciphersuites using SHA256 or SHA384.

aGOST

cipher suites using GOST R 34.10 (either 2001 or 94) for authenticaction (needs an engine supporting GOST algorithms).

aGOST01

cipher suites using GOST R 34.10-2001 authentication.

aGOST94

cipher suites using GOST R 34.10-94 authentication (note that R 34.10-94 standard has been expired so use GOST R 34.10-2001)

kGOST

cipher suites, using VKO 34.10 key exchange, specified in the RFC 4357.

GOST94

cipher suites, using HMAC based on GOST R 34.11-94.

GOST89MAC

cipher suites using GOST 28147-89 MAC instead of HMAC.

PSK

cipher suites using pre-shared keys (PSK).

SUITEB128, SUITEB128ONLY, SUITEB192

enables suite B mode operation using 128 (permitting 192 bit mode by peer) 128 bit (not permitting 192 bit by peer) or 192 bit level of security respectively. If used these cipherstrings should appear first in the cipher list and anything after them is ignored. Setting Suite B mode has additional consequences required to comply with RFC6460. In particular the supported signature algorithms is reduced to support only ECDSA and SHA256 or SHA384, only the elliptic curves P-256 and P-384 can be used and only the two suite B compliant ciphersuites (ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256 and ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384) are permissible.


CIPHER SUITE NAMES

The following lists give the SSL or TLS cipher suites names from the relevant specification and their OpenSSL equivalents. It should be noted, that several cipher suite names do not include the authentication used, e.g. DES-CBC3-SHA. In these cases, RSA authentication is used.


SSL v3.0 cipher suites.

 SSL_RSA_WITH_NULL_MD5                   NULL-MD5
 SSL_RSA_WITH_NULL_SHA                   NULL-SHA
 SSL_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_RC4_40_MD5          EXP-RC4-MD5
 SSL_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_MD5                RC4-MD5
 SSL_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA                RC4-SHA
 SSL_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_RC2_CBC_40_MD5      EXP-RC2-CBC-MD5
 SSL_RSA_WITH_IDEA_CBC_SHA               IDEA-CBC-SHA
 SSL_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA       EXP-DES-CBC-SHA
 SSL_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA                DES-CBC-SHA
 SSL_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA           DES-CBC3-SHA
 SSL_DH_DSS_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA    EXP-DH-DSS-DES-CBC-SHA
 SSL_DH_DSS_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA             DH-DSS-DES-CBC-SHA
 SSL_DH_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA        DH-DSS-DES-CBC3-SHA
 SSL_DH_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA    EXP-DH-RSA-DES-CBC-SHA
 SSL_DH_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA             DH-RSA-DES-CBC-SHA
 SSL_DH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA        DH-RSA-DES-CBC3-SHA
 SSL_DHE_DSS_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA   EXP-DHE-DSS-DES-CBC-SHA
 SSL_DHE_DSS_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA            DHE-DSS-CBC-SHA
 SSL_DHE_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA       DHE-DSS-DES-CBC3-SHA
 SSL_DHE_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA   EXP-DHE-RSA-DES-CBC-SHA
 SSL_DHE_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA            DHE-RSA-DES-CBC-SHA
 SSL_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA       DHE-RSA-DES-CBC3-SHA
 SSL_DH_anon_EXPORT_WITH_RC4_40_MD5      EXP-ADH-RC4-MD5
 SSL_DH_anon_WITH_RC4_128_MD5            ADH-RC4-MD5
 SSL_DH_anon_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA   EXP-ADH-DES-CBC-SHA
 SSL_DH_anon_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA            ADH-DES-CBC-SHA
 SSL_DH_anon_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA       ADH-DES-CBC3-SHA
 SSL_FORTEZZA_KEA_WITH_NULL_SHA          Not implemented.
 SSL_FORTEZZA_KEA_WITH_FORTEZZA_CBC_SHA  Not implemented.
 SSL_FORTEZZA_KEA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA       Not implemented.


TLS v1.0 cipher suites.

 TLS_RSA_WITH_NULL_MD5                   NULL-MD5
 TLS_RSA_WITH_NULL_SHA                   NULL-SHA
 TLS_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_RC4_40_MD5          EXP-RC4-MD5
 TLS_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_MD5                RC4-MD5
 TLS_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA                RC4-SHA
 TLS_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_RC2_CBC_40_MD5      EXP-RC2-CBC-MD5
 TLS_RSA_WITH_IDEA_CBC_SHA               IDEA-CBC-SHA
 TLS_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA       EXP-DES-CBC-SHA
 TLS_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA                DES-CBC-SHA
 TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA           DES-CBC3-SHA
 TLS_DH_DSS_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA    Not implemented.
 TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA             Not implemented.
 TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA        Not implemented.
 TLS_DH_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA    Not implemented.
 TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA             Not implemented.
 TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA        Not implemented.
 TLS_DHE_DSS_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA   EXP-DHE-DSS-DES-CBC-SHA
 TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA            DHE-DSS-CBC-SHA
 TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA       DHE-DSS-DES-CBC3-SHA
 TLS_DHE_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA   EXP-DHE-RSA-DES-CBC-SHA
 TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA            DHE-RSA-DES-CBC-SHA
 TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA       DHE-RSA-DES-CBC3-SHA
 TLS_DH_anon_EXPORT_WITH_RC4_40_MD5      EXP-ADH-RC4-MD5
 TLS_DH_anon_WITH_RC4_128_MD5            ADH-RC4-MD5
 TLS_DH_anon_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA   EXP-ADH-DES-CBC-SHA
 TLS_DH_anon_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA            ADH-DES-CBC-SHA
 TLS_DH_anon_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA       ADH-DES-CBC3-SHA


AES ciphersuites from RFC3268, extending TLS v1.0

 TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA            AES128-SHA
 TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA            AES256-SHA
 TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA         DH-DSS-AES128-SHA
 TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA         DH-DSS-AES256-SHA
 TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA         DH-RSA-AES128-SHA
 TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA         DH-RSA-AES256-SHA
 TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA        DHE-DSS-AES128-SHA
 TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA        DHE-DSS-AES256-SHA
 TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA        DHE-RSA-AES128-SHA
 TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA        DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA
 TLS_DH_anon_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA        ADH-AES128-SHA
 TLS_DH_anon_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA        ADH-AES256-SHA


Camellia ciphersuites from RFC4132, extending TLS v1.0

 TLS_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA      CAMELLIA128-SHA
 TLS_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA      CAMELLIA256-SHA
 TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA   DH-DSS-CAMELLIA128-SHA
 TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA   DH-DSS-CAMELLIA256-SHA
 TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA   DH-RSA-CAMELLIA128-SHA
 TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA   DH-RSA-CAMELLIA256-SHA
 TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA  DHE-DSS-CAMELLIA128-SHA
 TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA  DHE-DSS-CAMELLIA256-SHA
 TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA  DHE-RSA-CAMELLIA128-SHA
 TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA  DHE-RSA-CAMELLIA256-SHA
 TLS_DH_anon_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA  ADH-CAMELLIA128-SHA
 TLS_DH_anon_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA  ADH-CAMELLIA256-SHA


SEED ciphersuites from RFC4162, extending TLS v1.0

 TLS_RSA_WITH_SEED_CBC_SHA              SEED-SHA
 TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_SEED_CBC_SHA           DH-DSS-SEED-SHA
 TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_SEED_CBC_SHA           DH-RSA-SEED-SHA
 TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_SEED_CBC_SHA          DHE-DSS-SEED-SHA
 TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_SEED_CBC_SHA          DHE-RSA-SEED-SHA
 TLS_DH_anon_WITH_SEED_CBC_SHA          ADH-SEED-SHA


GOST ciphersuites from draft-chudov-cryptopro-cptls, extending TLS v1.0

Note: these ciphers require an engine which including GOST cryptographic algorithms, such as the ccgost engine, included in the OpenSSL distribution.

 TLS_GOSTR341094_WITH_28147_CNT_IMIT GOST94-GOST89-GOST89
 TLS_GOSTR341001_WITH_28147_CNT_IMIT GOST2001-GOST89-GOST89
 TLS_GOSTR341094_WITH_NULL_GOSTR3411 GOST94-NULL-GOST94
 TLS_GOSTR341001_WITH_NULL_GOSTR3411 GOST2001-NULL-GOST94


Additional Export 1024 and other cipher suites

Note: these ciphers can also be used in SSL v3.

 TLS_RSA_EXPORT1024_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA     EXP1024-DES-CBC-SHA
 TLS_RSA_EXPORT1024_WITH_RC4_56_SHA      EXP1024-RC4-SHA
 TLS_DHE_DSS_EXPORT1024_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA EXP1024-DHE-DSS-DES-CBC-SHA
 TLS_DHE_DSS_EXPORT1024_WITH_RC4_56_SHA  EXP1024-DHE-DSS-RC4-SHA
 TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_RC4_128_SHA            DHE-DSS-RC4-SHA


Elliptic curve cipher suites.

 TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_NULL_SHA              ECDH-RSA-NULL-SHA
 TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA           ECDH-RSA-RC4-SHA
 TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA      ECDH-RSA-DES-CBC3-SHA
 TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA       ECDH-RSA-AES128-SHA
 TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA       ECDH-RSA-AES256-SHA
 
 TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_NULL_SHA            ECDH-ECDSA-NULL-SHA
 TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA         ECDH-ECDSA-RC4-SHA
 TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA    ECDH-ECDSA-DES-CBC3-SHA
 TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA     ECDH-ECDSA-AES128-SHA
 TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA     ECDH-ECDSA-AES256-SHA
 
 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_NULL_SHA             ECDHE-RSA-NULL-SHA
 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA          ECDHE-RSA-RC4-SHA
 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA     ECDHE-RSA-DES-CBC3-SHA
 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA      ECDHE-RSA-AES128-SHA
 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA      ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA
 
 TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_NULL_SHA           ECDHE-ECDSA-NULL-SHA
 TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA        ECDHE-ECDSA-RC4-SHA
 TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA   ECDHE-ECDSA-DES-CBC3-SHA
 TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA    ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-SHA
 TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA    ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-SHA
 
 TLS_ECDH_anon_WITH_NULL_SHA             AECDH-NULL-SHA
 TLS_ECDH_anon_WITH_RC4_128_SHA          AECDH-RC4-SHA
 TLS_ECDH_anon_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA     AECDH-DES-CBC3-SHA
 TLS_ECDH_anon_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA      AECDH-AES128-SHA
 TLS_ECDH_anon_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA      AECDH-AES256-SHA


TLS v1.2 cipher suites

 TLS_RSA_WITH_NULL_SHA256                  NULL-SHA256
 TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256           AES128-SHA256
 TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256           AES256-SHA256
 TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256           AES128-GCM-SHA256
 TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384           AES256-GCM-SHA384
 TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256        DH-RSA-AES128-SHA256
 TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256        DH-RSA-AES256-SHA256
 TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256        DH-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256
 TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384        DH-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
 TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256        DH-DSS-AES128-SHA256
 TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256        DH-DSS-AES256-SHA256
 TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256        DH-DSS-AES128-GCM-SHA256
 TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384        DH-DSS-AES256-GCM-SHA384
 TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256       DHE-RSA-AES128-SHA256
 TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256       DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA256
 TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256       DHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256
 TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384       DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
 TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256       DHE-DSS-AES128-SHA256
 TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256       DHE-DSS-AES256-SHA256
 TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256       DHE-DSS-AES128-GCM-SHA256
 TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384       DHE-DSS-AES256-GCM-SHA384
 TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256      ECDH-RSA-AES128-SHA256
 TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384      ECDH-RSA-AES256-SHA384
 TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256      ECDH-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256
 TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384      ECDH-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
 TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256    ECDH-ECDSA-AES128-SHA256
 TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384    ECDH-ECDSA-AES256-SHA384
 TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256    ECDH-ECDSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256
 TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384    ECDH-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256     ECDHE-RSA-AES128-SHA256
 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384     ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384
 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256     ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256
 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384     ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
 TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256   ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-SHA256
 TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384   ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-SHA384
 TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256   ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256
 TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384   ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
 TLS_DH_anon_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256       ADH-AES128-SHA256
 TLS_DH_anon_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256       ADH-AES256-SHA256
 TLS_DH_anon_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256       ADH-AES128-GCM-SHA256
 TLS_DH_anon_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384       ADH-AES256-GCM-SHA384


Pre shared keying (PSK) cipheruites

 TLS_PSK_WITH_RC4_128_SHA                  PSK-RC4-SHA
 TLS_PSK_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA             PSK-3DES-EDE-CBC-SHA
 TLS_PSK_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA              PSK-AES128-CBC-SHA
 TLS_PSK_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA              PSK-AES256-CBC-SHA


Deprecated SSL v2.0 cipher suites.

 SSL_CK_RC4_128_WITH_MD5                 RC4-MD5
 SSL_CK_RC4_128_EXPORT40_WITH_MD5        EXP-RC4-MD5
 SSL_CK_RC2_128_CBC_WITH_MD5             RC2-MD5
 SSL_CK_RC2_128_CBC_EXPORT40_WITH_MD5    EXP-RC2-MD5
 SSL_CK_IDEA_128_CBC_WITH_MD5            IDEA-CBC-MD5
 SSL_CK_DES_64_CBC_WITH_MD5              DES-CBC-MD5
 SSL_CK_DES_192_EDE3_CBC_WITH_MD5        DES-CBC3-MD5


NOTES

Some compiled versions of OpenSSL may not include all the ciphers listed here because some ciphers were excluded at compile time.


EXAMPLES

Verbose listing of all OpenSSL ciphers including NULL ciphers:

 openssl ciphers -v 'ALL:eNULL'

Include all ciphers except NULL and anonymous DH then sort by strength:

 openssl ciphers -v 'ALL:!ADH:@STRENGTH'

Include all ciphers except ones with no encryption (eNULL) or no authentication (aNULL):

 openssl ciphers -v 'ALL:!aNULL'

Include only 3DES ciphers and then place RSA ciphers last:

 openssl ciphers -v '3DES:+RSA'

Include all RC4 ciphers but leave out those without authentication:

 openssl ciphers -v 'RC4:!COMPLEMENTOFDEFAULT'

Include all chiphers with RSA authentication but leave out ciphers without encryption.

 openssl ciphers -v 'RSA:!COMPLEMENTOFALL'

Set security level to 2 and display all ciphers consistent with level 2:

 openssl ciphers -s -v 'ALL:@SECLEVEL=2'


SEE ALSO

s_client(1), s_server(1), ssl(3)


HISTORY

The COMPLENTOFALL and COMPLEMENTOFDEFAULT selection options for cipherlist strings were added in OpenSSL 0.9.7. The -V option for the ciphers command was added in OpenSSL 1.0.0.