OpenSSL

Cryptography and SSL/TLS Toolkit

kdf

NAME

openssl-kdf, kdf - perform Key Derivation Function operations

SYNOPSIS

openssl kdf [-help] [-kdfopt nm:v] [-keylen num] [-out filename] [-binary] kdf_name

DESCRIPTION

The key derivation functions generate a derived key from either a secret or password.

OPTIONS

-help

Print a usage message.

-keylen num

The output size of the derived key. This field is required.

-out filename

Filename to output to, or standard output by default.

-binary

Output the derived key in binary form. Uses hexadecimal text format if not specified.

-kdfopt nm:v

Passes options to the KDF algorithm. A comprehensive list of controls can be found in the EVP_KDF_CTX implementation documentation. Common control strings used by EVP_KDF_ctrl_str() are:

key:string

Specifies the secret key as an alphanumeric string (use if the key contains printable characters only). The string length must conform to any restrictions of the KDF algorithm. A key must be specified for most KDF algorithms.

hexkey:string

Specifies the secret key in hexadecimal form (two hex digits per byte). The key length must conform to any restrictions of the KDF algorithm. A key must be specified for most KDF algorithms.

pass:string

Specifies the password as an alphanumeric string (use if the password contains printable characters only). The password must be specified for PBKDF2 and scrypt.

hexpass:string

Specifies the password in hexadecimal form (two hex digits per byte). The password must be specified for PBKDF2 and scrypt.

digest:string

Specifies the name of a digest as an alphanumeric string. To see the list of supported digests, use the command list -digest-commands.

kdf_name

Specifies the name of a supported KDF algorithm which will be used. The supported algorithms names are TLS1-PRF, HKDF, SSKDF, PBKDF2, SSHKDF and id-scrypt.

EXAMPLES

Use TLS1-PRF to create a hex-encoded derived key from a secret key and seed:

    openssl kdf -keylen 16 -kdfopt digest:SHA256 -kdfopt key:secret \
                -kdfopt seed:seed TLS1-PRF

Use HKDF to create a hex-encoded derived key from a secret key, salt and info:

    openssl kdf -keylen 10 -kdfopt digest:SHA256 -kdfopt key:secret \
                -kdfopt salt:salt -kdfopt info:label HKDF

Use SSKDF with KMAC to create a hex-encoded derived key from a secret key, salt and info:

    openssl kdf -keylen 64 -kdfopt mac:KMAC128 -kdfopt maclen:20 \
                -kdfopt hexkey:b74a149a161545 -kdfopt hexinfo:348a37a2 \
                -kdfopt hexsalt:3638271ccd68a2 SSKDF

Use SSKDF with HMAC to create a hex-encoded derived key from a secret key, salt and info:

    openssl kdf -keylen 16 -kdfopt mac:HMAC -kdfopt digest:SHA256 \
                -kdfopt hexkey:b74a149a -kdfopt hexinfo:348a37a2 \
                -kdfopt hexsalt:3638271c SSKDF

Use SSKDF with Hash to create a hex-encoded derived key from a secret key, salt and info:

    openssl kdf -keylen 14 -kdfopt digest:SHA256 \
                -kdfopt hexkey:6dbdc23f045488 \
                -kdfopt hexinfo:a1b2c3d4 SSKDF

Use SSHKDF to create a hex-encoded derived key from a secret key, hash and session_id:

    openssl kdf -keylen 16 -kdfopt digest:SHA256 \
                -kdfopt hexkey:0102030405 \
                -kdfopt hexxcghash:06090A \
                -kdfopt hexsession_id:01020304 \
                -kdfopt type:A SSHKDF

Use PBKDF2 to create a hex-encoded derived key from a password and salt:

    openssl kdf -keylen 32 -kdfopt digest:SHA256 -kdfopt pass:password \
                -kdfopt salt:salt -kdfopt iter:2 PBKDF2

Use scrypt to create a hex-encoded derived key from a password and salt:

    openssl kdf -keylen 64 -kdfopt pass:password -kdfopt salt:NaCl \
                -kdfopt N:1024 -kdfopt r:8 -kdfopt p:16 \
                -kdfopt maxmem_bytes:10485760 id-scrypt

NOTES

The KDF mechanisms that are available will depend on the options used when building OpenSSL.

SEE ALSO

EVP_KDF_CTX(3), EVP_KDF_SCRYPT(7) EVP_KDF_TLS1_PRF(7) EVP_KDF_PBKDF2(7) EVP_KDF_HKDF(7) EVP_KDF_SS(7) EVP_KDF_SSHKDF(7) pkeyutl(1)

HISTORY

Added in OpenSSL 3.0

Copyright 2019 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

Licensed under the OpenSSL license (the "License"). You may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You can obtain a copy in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at https://www.openssl.org/source/license.html.