OpenSSL

Cryptography and SSL/TLS Toolkit

BN_add

NAME

BN_add, BN_sub, BN_mul, BN_sqr, BN_div, BN_mod, BN_nnmod, BN_mod_add, BN_mod_sub, BN_mod_mul, BN_mod_sqr, BN_exp, BN_mod_exp, BN_gcd - arithmetic operations on BIGNUMs

SYNOPSIS

 #include <openssl/bn.h>

 int BN_add(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b);

 int BN_sub(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b);

 int BN_mul(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *ctx);

 int BN_sqr(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, BN_CTX *ctx);

 int BN_div(BIGNUM *dv, BIGNUM *rem, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *d,
            BN_CTX *ctx);

 int BN_mod(BIGNUM *rem, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *m, BN_CTX *ctx);

 int BN_nnmod(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *m, BN_CTX *ctx);

 int BN_mod_add(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, BIGNUM *b, const BIGNUM *m,
                BN_CTX *ctx);

 int BN_mod_sub(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, BIGNUM *b, const BIGNUM *m,
                BN_CTX *ctx);

 int BN_mod_mul(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, BIGNUM *b, const BIGNUM *m,
                BN_CTX *ctx);

 int BN_mod_sqr(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *m, BN_CTX *ctx);

 int BN_exp(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, BIGNUM *p, BN_CTX *ctx);

 int BN_mod_exp(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *p,
                const BIGNUM *m, BN_CTX *ctx);

 int BN_gcd(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *ctx);

DESCRIPTION

BN_add() adds a and b and places the result in r (r=a+b). r may be the same BIGNUM as a or b.

BN_sub() subtracts b from a and places the result in r (r=a-b). r may be the same BIGNUM as a or b.

BN_mul() multiplies a and b and places the result in r (r=a*b). r may be the same BIGNUM as a or b. For multiplication by powers of 2, use BN_lshift(3).

BN_sqr() takes the square of a and places the result in r (r=a^2). r and a may be the same BIGNUM. This function is faster than BN_mul(r,a,a).

BN_div() divides a by d and places the result in dv and the remainder in rem (dv=a/d, rem=a%d). Either of dv and rem may be NULL, in which case the respective value is not returned. The result is rounded towards zero; thus if a is negative, the remainder will be zero or negative. For division by powers of 2, use BN_rshift(3).

BN_mod() corresponds to BN_div() with dv set to NULL.

BN_nnmod() reduces a modulo m and places the non-negative remainder in r.

BN_mod_add() adds a to b modulo m and places the non-negative result in r.

BN_mod_sub() subtracts b from a modulo m and places the non-negative result in r.

BN_mod_mul() multiplies a by b and finds the non-negative remainder respective to modulus m (r=(a*b) mod m). r may be the same BIGNUM as a or b. For more efficient algorithms for repeated computations using the same modulus, see BN_mod_mul_montgomery(3) and BN_mod_mul_reciprocal(3).

BN_mod_sqr() takes the square of a modulo m and places the result in r.

BN_exp() raises a to the p-th power and places the result in r (r=a^p). This function is faster than repeated applications of BN_mul().

BN_mod_exp() computes a to the p-th power modulo m (r=a^p % m). This function uses less time and space than BN_exp(). Do not call this function when m is even and any of the parameters have the BN_FLG_CONSTTIME flag set.

BN_gcd() computes the greatest common divisor of a and b and places the result in r. r may be the same BIGNUM as a or b.

For all functions, ctx is a previously allocated BN_CTX used for temporary variables; see BN_CTX_new(3).

Unless noted otherwise, the result BIGNUM must be different from the arguments.

RETURN VALUES

For all functions, 1 is returned for success, 0 on error. The return value should always be checked (e.g., if (!BN_add(r,a,b)) goto err;). The error codes can be obtained by ERR_get_error(3).

SEE ALSO

ERR_get_error(3), BN_CTX_new(3), BN_add_word(3), BN_set_bit(3)

Copyright 2000-2018 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

Licensed under the Apache License 2.0 (the "License"). You may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You can obtain a copy in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at https://www.openssl.org/source/license.html.