Cryptography and SSL/TLS Toolkit



BN_bn2binpad, BN_bn2bin, BN_bin2bn, BN_bn2lebinpad, BN_lebin2bn, BN_bn2hex, BN_bn2dec, BN_hex2bn, BN_dec2bn, BN_print, BN_print_fp, BN_bn2mpi, BN_mpi2bn - format conversions


 #include <openssl/bn.h>

 int BN_bn2bin(const BIGNUM *a, unsigned char *to);
 int BN_bn2binpad(const BIGNUM *a, unsigned char *to, int tolen);
 BIGNUM *BN_bin2bn(const unsigned char *s, int len, BIGNUM *ret);

 int BN_bn2lebinpad(const BIGNUM *a, unsigned char *to, int tolen);
 BIGNUM *BN_lebin2bn(const unsigned char *s, int len, BIGNUM *ret);

 char *BN_bn2hex(const BIGNUM *a);
 char *BN_bn2dec(const BIGNUM *a);
 int BN_hex2bn(BIGNUM **a, const char *str);
 int BN_dec2bn(BIGNUM **a, const char *str);

 int BN_print(BIO *fp, const BIGNUM *a);
 int BN_print_fp(FILE *fp, const BIGNUM *a);

 int BN_bn2mpi(const BIGNUM *a, unsigned char *to);
 BIGNUM *BN_mpi2bn(unsigned char *s, int len, BIGNUM *ret);


BN_bn2bin() converts the absolute value of a into big-endian form and stores it at to. to must point to BN_num_bytes(a) bytes of memory.

BN_bn2binpad() also converts the absolute value of a into big-endian form and stores it at to. tolen indicates the length of the output buffer to. The result is padded with zeroes if necessary. If tolen is less than BN_num_bytes(a) an error is returned.

BN_bin2bn() converts the positive integer in big-endian form of length len at s into a BIGNUM and places it in ret. If ret is NULL, a new BIGNUM is created.

BN_bn2lebinpad() and BN_lebin2bn() are identical to BN_bn2binpad() and BN_bin2bn() except the buffer is in little-endian format.

BN_bn2hex() and BN_bn2dec() return printable strings containing the hexadecimal and decimal encoding of a respectively. For negative numbers, the string is prefaced with a leading '-'. The string must be freed later using OPENSSL_free().

BN_hex2bn() takes as many characters as possible from the string str, including the leading character '-' which means negative, to form a valid hexadecimal number representation and converts them to a BIGNUM and stores it in **a. If *a is NULL, a new BIGNUM is created. If a is NULL, it only computes the length of valid representation. A "negative zero" is converted to zero. BN_dec2bn() is the same using the decimal system.

BN_print() and BN_print_fp() write the hexadecimal encoding of a, with a leading '-' for negative numbers, to the BIO or FILE fp.

BN_bn2mpi() and BN_mpi2bn() convert BIGNUMs from and to a format that consists of the number's length in bytes represented as a 4-byte big-endian number, and the number itself in big-endian format, where the most significant bit signals a negative number (the representation of numbers with the MSB set is prefixed with null byte).

BN_bn2mpi() stores the representation of a at to, where to must be large enough to hold the result. The size can be determined by calling BN_bn2mpi(a, NULL).

BN_mpi2bn() converts the len bytes long representation at s to a BIGNUM and stores it at ret, or in a newly allocated BIGNUM if ret is NULL.


BN_bn2bin() returns the length of the big-endian number placed at to. BN_bin2bn() returns the BIGNUM, NULL on error.

BN_bn2binpad() returns the number of bytes written or -1 if the supplied buffer is too small.

BN_bn2hex() and BN_bn2dec() return a null-terminated string, or NULL on error. BN_hex2bn() and BN_dec2bn() return the number of characters used in parsing, or 0 on error, in which case no new BIGNUM will be created.

BN_print_fp() and BN_print() return 1 on success, 0 on write errors.

BN_bn2mpi() returns the length of the representation. BN_mpi2bn() returns the BIGNUM, and NULL on error.

The error codes can be obtained by ERR_get_error(3).


ERR_get_error(3), BN_zero(3), ASN1_INTEGER_to_BN(3), BN_num_bytes(3)

Copyright 2000-2018 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

Licensed under the Apache License 2.0 (the "License"). You may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You can obtain a copy in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at