OpenSSL

Cryptography and SSL/TLS Toolkit

DH_generate_parameters

NAME

DH_generate_parameters_ex, DH_generate_parameters, DH_check, DH_check_params, DH_check_ex, DH_check_params_ex, DH_check_pub_key_ex - generate and check Diffie-Hellman parameters

SYNOPSIS

 #include <openssl/dh.h>

 int DH_generate_parameters_ex(DH *dh, int prime_len, int generator, BN_GENCB *cb);

 int DH_check(DH *dh, int *codes);
 int DH_check_params(DH *dh, int *codes);

 int DH_check_ex(const DH *dh);
 int DH_check_params_ex(const DH *dh);
 int DH_check_pub_key_ex(const DH *dh, const BIGNUM *pub_key);

Deprecated since OpenSSL 0.9.8, can be hidden entirely by defining OPENSSL_API_COMPAT with a suitable version value, see openssl_user_macros(7):

 DH *DH_generate_parameters(int prime_len, int generator,
                            void (*callback)(int, int, void *), void *cb_arg);

DESCRIPTION

DH_generate_parameters_ex() generates Diffie-Hellman parameters that can be shared among a group of users, and stores them in the provided DH structure. The pseudo-random number generator must be seeded before calling it. The parameters generated by DH_generate_parameters_ex() should not be used in signature schemes.

prime_len is the length in bits of the safe prime to be generated. generator is a small number > 1, typically 2 or 5.

A callback function may be used to provide feedback about the progress of the key generation. If cb is not NULL, it will be called as described in BN_generate_prime(3) while a random prime number is generated, and when a prime has been found, BN_GENCB_call(cb, 3, 0) is called. See BN_generate_prime_ex(3) for information on the BN_GENCB_call() function.

DH_generate_parameters() is similar to DH_generate_prime_ex() but expects an old-style callback function; see BN_generate_prime(3) for information on the old-style callback.

DH_check_params() confirms that the p and g are likely enough to be valid. This is a lightweight check, if a more thorough check is needed, use DH_check(). The value of *codes is updated with any problems found. If *codes is zero then no problems were found, otherwise the following bits may be set:

DH_CHECK_P_NOT_PRIME

The parameter p has been determined to not being an odd prime. Note that the lack of this bit doesn't guarantee that p is a prime.

DH_NOT_SUITABLE_GENERATOR

The generator g is not suitable. Note that the lack of this bit doesn't guarantee that g is suitable, unless p is known to be a strong prime.

DH_check() confirms that the Diffie-Hellman parameters dh are valid. The value of *codes is updated with any problems found. If *codes is zero then no problems were found, otherwise the following bits may be set:

DH_CHECK_P_NOT_PRIME

The parameter p is not prime.

DH_CHECK_P_NOT_SAFE_PRIME

The parameter p is not a safe prime and no q value is present.

DH_UNABLE_TO_CHECK_GENERATOR

The generator g cannot be checked for suitability.

DH_NOT_SUITABLE_GENERATOR

The generator g is not suitable.

DH_CHECK_Q_NOT_PRIME

The parameter q is not prime.

DH_CHECK_INVALID_Q_VALUE

The parameter q is invalid.

DH_CHECK_INVALID_J_VALUE

The parameter j is invalid.

DH_check_ex(), DH_check_params() and DH_check_pub_key_ex() are similar to DH_check() and DH_check_params() respectively, but the error reasons are added to the thread's error queue instead of provided as return values from the function.

RETURN VALUES

DH_generate_parameters_ex(), DH_check() and DH_check_params() return 1 if the check could be performed, 0 otherwise.

DH_generate_parameters() returns a pointer to the DH structure or NULL if the parameter generation fails.

DH_check_ex(), DH_check_params() and DH_check_pub_key_ex() return 1 if the check is successful, 0 for failed.

The error codes can be obtained by ERR_get_error(3).

SEE ALSO

DH_new(3), ERR_get_error(3), RAND_bytes(3), DH_free(3)

HISTORY

DH_generate_parameters() was deprecated in OpenSSL 0.9.8; use DH_generate_parameters_ex() instead.

Copyright 2000-2018 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

Licensed under the Apache License 2.0 (the "License"). You may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You can obtain a copy in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at https://www.openssl.org/source/license.html.