OpenSSL

Cryptography and SSL/TLS Toolkit

EVP_PKEY_new_raw_private_key

NAME

EVP_PKEY, EVP_PKEY_new, EVP_PKEY_up_ref, EVP_PKEY_free, EVP_PKEY_new_raw_private_key_ex, EVP_PKEY_new_raw_private_key, EVP_PKEY_new_raw_public_key_ex, EVP_PKEY_new_raw_public_key, EVP_PKEY_new_CMAC_key, EVP_PKEY_new_mac_key, EVP_PKEY_get_raw_private_key, EVP_PKEY_get_raw_public_key - public/private key allocation and raw key handling functions

SYNOPSIS

 #include <openssl/evp.h>

 typedef evp_pkey_st EVP_PKEY;

 EVP_PKEY *EVP_PKEY_new(void);
 int EVP_PKEY_up_ref(EVP_PKEY *key);
 void EVP_PKEY_free(EVP_PKEY *key);

 EVP_PKEY *EVP_PKEY_new_raw_private_key_ex(OSSL_LIB_CTX *libctx,
                                           const char *keytype,
                                           const char *propq,
                                           const unsigned char *key,
                                           size_t keylen);
 EVP_PKEY *EVP_PKEY_new_raw_private_key(int type, ENGINE *e,
                                        const unsigned char *key, size_t keylen);
 EVP_PKEY *EVP_PKEY_new_raw_public_key_ex(OSSL_LIB_CTX *libctx,
                                          const char *keytype,
                                          const char *propq,
                                          const unsigned char *key,
                                          size_t keylen);
 EVP_PKEY *EVP_PKEY_new_raw_public_key(int type, ENGINE *e,
                                       const unsigned char *key, size_t keylen);
 EVP_PKEY *EVP_PKEY_new_mac_key(int type, ENGINE *e, const unsigned char *key,
                                int keylen);

 int EVP_PKEY_get_raw_private_key(const EVP_PKEY *pkey, unsigned char *priv,
                                  size_t *len);
 int EVP_PKEY_get_raw_public_key(const EVP_PKEY *pkey, unsigned char *pub,
                                 size_t *len);

Deprecated since OpenSSL 3.0, can be hidden entirely by defining OPENSSL_API_COMPAT with a suitable version value, see openssl_user_macros(7):

 EVP_PKEY *EVP_PKEY_new_CMAC_key(ENGINE *e, const unsigned char *priv,
                                 size_t len, const EVP_CIPHER *cipher);

DESCRIPTION

EVP_PKEY is a generic structure to hold diverse types of asymmetric keys (also known as "key pairs"), and can be used for diverse operations, like signing, verifying signatures, key derivation, etc. The asymmetric keys themselves are often refered to as the "internal key", and are handled by backends, such as providers (through EVP_KEYMGMT(3)) or ENGINEs.

Conceptually, an EVP_PKEY internal key may hold a private key, a public key, or both (a keypair), and along with those, key parameters if the key type requires them. The presence of these components determine what operations can be made; for example, signing normally requires the presence of a private key, and verifying normally requires the presence of a public key.

EVP_PKEY has also been used for MAC algorithm that were conceived as producing signatures, although not being public key algorithms; "POLY1305", "SIPHASH", "HMAC", "CMAC". This usage is considered legacy and is discouraged in favor of the EVP_MAC(3) API.

The EVP_PKEY_new() function allocates an empty EVP_PKEY structure which is used by OpenSSL to store public and private keys. The reference count is set to 1.

EVP_PKEY_up_ref() increments the reference count of key.

EVP_PKEY_free() decrements the reference count of key and, if the reference count is zero, frees it up. If key is NULL, nothing is done.

EVP_PKEY_new_raw_private_key_ex() allocates a new EVP_PKEY. Unless an engine should be used for the key type, a provider for the key is found using the library context libctx and the property query string propq. The keytype argument indicates what kind of key this is. The value should be a string for a public key algorithm that supports raw private keys, i.e one of "X25519", "ED25519", "X448" or "ED448". key points to the raw private key data for this EVP_PKEY which should be of length keylen. The length should be appropriate for the type of the key. The public key data will be automatically derived from the given private key data (if appropriate for the algorithm type).

EVP_PKEY_new_raw_private_key() does the same as EVP_PKEY_new_raw_private_key_ex() except that the default library context and default property query are used instead. If e is non-NULL then the new EVP_PKEY structure is associated with the engine e. The type argument indicates what kind of key this is. The value should be a NID for a public key algorithm that supports raw private keys, i.e. one of EVP_PKEY_X25519, EVP_PKEY_ED25519, EVP_PKEY_X448 or EVP_PKEY_ED448.

EVP_PKEY_new_raw_private_key_ex() and EVP_PKEY_new_raw_private_key() may also be used with most MACs implemented as public key algorithms, so key types such as "HMAC", "POLY1305", "SIPHASH", or their NID form EVP_PKEY_POLY1305, EVP_PKEY_SIPHASH, EVP_PKEY_HMAC are also accepted. This usage is, as mentioned above, discouraged in favor of the EVP_MAC(3) API.

EVP_PKEY_new_raw_public_key_ex() works in the same way as EVP_PKEY_new_raw_private_key_ex() except that key points to the raw public key data. The EVP_PKEY structure will be initialised without any private key information. Algorithm types that support raw public keys are "X25519", "ED25519", "X448" or "ED448".

EVP_PKEY_new_raw_public_key() works in the same way as EVP_PKEY_new_raw_private_key() except that key points to the raw public key data. The EVP_PKEY structure will be initialised without any private key information. Algorithm types that support raw public keys are EVP_PKEY_X25519, EVP_PKEY_ED25519, EVP_PKEY_X448 or EVP_PKEY_ED448.

EVP_PKEY_new_mac_key() works in the same way as EVP_PKEY_new_raw_private_key(). New applications should use EVP_PKEY_new_raw_private_key() instead.

EVP_PKEY_get_raw_private_key() fills the buffer provided by priv with raw private key data. The size of the priv buffer should be in *len on entry to the function, and on exit *len is updated with the number of bytes actually written. If the buffer priv is NULL then *len is populated with the number of bytes required to hold the key. The calling application is responsible for ensuring that the buffer is large enough to receive the private key data. This function only works for algorithms that support raw private keys. Currently this is: EVP_PKEY_HMAC, EVP_PKEY_POLY1305, EVP_PKEY_SIPHASH, EVP_PKEY_X25519, EVP_PKEY_ED25519, EVP_PKEY_X448 or EVP_PKEY_ED448.

EVP_PKEY_get_raw_public_key() fills the buffer provided by pub with raw public key data. The size of the pub buffer should be in *len on entry to the function, and on exit *len is updated with the number of bytes actually written. If the buffer pub is NULL then *len is populated with the number of bytes required to hold the key. The calling application is responsible for ensuring that the buffer is large enough to receive the public key data. This function only works for algorithms that support raw public keys. Currently this is: EVP_PKEY_X25519, EVP_PKEY_ED25519, EVP_PKEY_X448 or EVP_PKEY_ED448.

EVP_PKEY_new_CMAC_key() works in the same way as EVP_PKEY_new_raw_private_key() except it is only for the EVP_PKEY_CMAC algorithm type. In addition to the raw private key data, it also takes a cipher algorithm to be used during creation of a CMAC in the cipher argument. The cipher should be a standard encryption-only cipher. For example AEAD and XTS ciphers should not be used.

Applications should use the EVP_MAC(3) API instead and set the OSSL_MAC_PARAM_CIPHER parameter on the EVP_MAC_CTX object with the name of the cipher being used.

NOTES

The EVP_PKEY structure is used by various OpenSSL functions which require a general private key without reference to any particular algorithm.

The structure returned by EVP_PKEY_new() is empty. To add a private or public key to this empty structure use the appropriate functions described in EVP_PKEY_set1_RSA(3), EVP_PKEY_set1_DSA(3), EVP_PKEY_set1_DH(3) or EVP_PKEY_set1_EC_KEY(3).

RETURN VALUES

EVP_PKEY_new(), EVP_PKEY_new_raw_private_key(), EVP_PKEY_new_raw_public_key(), EVP_PKEY_new_CMAC_key() and EVP_PKEY_new_mac_key() return either the newly allocated EVP_PKEY structure or NULL if an error occurred.

EVP_PKEY_up_ref(), EVP_PKEY_get_raw_private_key() and EVP_PKEY_get_raw_public_key() return 1 for success and 0 for failure.

SEE ALSO

EVP_PKEY_set1_RSA(3), EVP_PKEY_set1_DSA(3), EVP_PKEY_set1_DH(3) or EVP_PKEY_set1_EC_KEY(3)

HISTORY

The EVP_PKEY_new() and EVP_PKEY_free() functions exist in all versions of OpenSSL.

The EVP_PKEY_up_ref() function was added in OpenSSL 1.1.0.

The EVP_PKEY_new_raw_private_key(), EVP_PKEY_new_raw_public_key(), EVP_PKEY_new_CMAC_key(), EVP_PKEY_new_raw_private_key() and EVP_PKEY_get_raw_public_key() functions were added in OpenSSL 1.1.1.

The EVP_PKEY_new_raw_private_key_ex() and EVP_PKEY_new_raw_public_key_ex() functions were added in OpenSSL 3.0.

The EVP_PKEY_new_CMAC_key() was deprecated in OpenSSL 3.0.

The documentation of EVP_PKEY was amended in OpenSSL 3.0 to allow there to be the private part of the keypair without the public part, where this was previously implied to be disallowed.

Copyright 2002-2020 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

Licensed under the Apache License 2.0 (the "License"). You may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You can obtain a copy in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at https://www.openssl.org/source/license.html.