Cryptography and SSL/TLS Toolkit



SSL_CTX_set_mode, SSL_CTX_clear_mode, SSL_set_mode, SSL_clear_mode, SSL_CTX_get_mode, SSL_get_mode - manipulate SSL engine mode


 #include <openssl/ssl.h>

 long SSL_CTX_set_mode(SSL_CTX *ctx, long mode);
 long SSL_CTX_clear_mode(SSL_CTX *ctx, long mode);
 long SSL_set_mode(SSL *ssl, long mode);
 long SSL_clear_mode(SSL *ssl, long mode);

 long SSL_CTX_get_mode(SSL_CTX *ctx);
 long SSL_get_mode(SSL *ssl);


SSL_CTX_set_mode() adds the mode set via bitmask in mode to ctx. Options already set before are not cleared. SSL_CTX_clear_mode() removes the mode set via bitmask in mode from ctx.

SSL_set_mode() adds the mode set via bitmask in mode to ssl. Options already set before are not cleared. SSL_clear_mode() removes the mode set via bitmask in mode from ssl.

SSL_CTX_get_mode() returns the mode set for ctx.

SSL_get_mode() returns the mode set for ssl.


The following mode changes are available:


Allow SSL_write_ex(..., n, &r) to return with 0 < r < n (i.e. report success when just a single record has been written). This works in a similar way for SSL_write(). When not set (the default), SSL_write_ex() or SSL_write() will only report success once the complete chunk was written. Once SSL_write_ex() or SSL_write() returns successful, r bytes have been written and the next call to SSL_write_ex() or SSL_write() must only send the n-r bytes left, imitating the behaviour of write().


Make it possible to retry SSL_write_ex() or SSL_write() with changed buffer location (the buffer contents must stay the same). This is not the default to avoid the misconception that non-blocking SSL_write() behaves like non-blocking write().


During normal operations, non-application data records might need to be sent or received that the application is not aware of. If a non-application data record was processed, SSL_read_ex(3) and SSL_read(3) can return with a failure and indicate the need to retry with SSL_ERROR_WANT_READ. If such a non-application data record was processed, the flag SSL_MODE_AUTO_RETRY causes it to try to process the next record instead of returning.

In a non-blocking environment applications must be prepared to handle incomplete read/write operations. Setting SSL_MODE_AUTO_RETRY for a non-blocking BIO will process non-application data records until either no more data is available or an application data record has been processed.

In a blocking environment, applications are not always prepared to deal with the functions returning intermediate reports such as retry requests, and setting the SSL_MODE_AUTO_RETRY flag will cause the functions to only return after successfully processing an application data record or a failure.

Turning off SSL_MODE_AUTO_RETRY can be useful with blocking BIOs in case they are used in combination with something like select() or poll(). Otherwise the call to SSL_read() or SSL_read_ex() might hang when a non-application record was sent and no application data was sent.


When we no longer need a read buffer or a write buffer for a given SSL, then release the memory we were using to hold it. Using this flag can save around 34k per idle SSL connection. This flag has no effect on SSL v2 connections, or on DTLS connections.


Send TLS_FALLBACK_SCSV in the ClientHello. To be set only by applications that reconnect with a downgraded protocol version; see draft-ietf-tls-downgrade-scsv-00 for details.

DO NOT ENABLE THIS if your application attempts a normal handshake. Only use this in explicit fallback retries, following the guidance in draft-ietf-tls-downgrade-scsv-00.


Enable asynchronous processing. TLS I/O operations may indicate a retry with SSL_ERROR_WANT_ASYNC with this mode set if an asynchronous capable engine is used to perform cryptographic operations. See SSL_get_error(3).

All modes are off by default except for SSL_MODE_AUTO_RETRY which is on by default since 1.1.1.


SSL_CTX_set_mode() and SSL_set_mode() return the new mode bitmask after adding mode.

SSL_CTX_get_mode() and SSL_get_mode() return the current bitmask.


ssl(7), SSL_read_ex(3), SSL_read(3), SSL_write_ex(3) or SSL_write(3), SSL_get_error(3)


SSL_MODE_ASYNC was first added to OpenSSL 1.1.0.

Copyright 2001-2016 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

Licensed under the OpenSSL license (the "License"). You may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You can obtain a copy in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at