Cryptography and SSL/TLS Toolkit



X509_NAME_get_index_by_NID, X509_NAME_get_index_by_OBJ, X509_NAME_get_entry, X509_NAME_entry_count, X509_NAME_get_text_by_NID, X509_NAME_get_text_by_OBJ - X509_NAME lookup and enumeration functions


#include <openssl/x509.h>

int X509_NAME_get_index_by_NID(const X509_NAME *name, int nid, int lastpos);
int X509_NAME_get_index_by_OBJ(const X509_NAME *name,
                               const ASN1_OBJECT *obj, int lastpos);

int X509_NAME_entry_count(const X509_NAME *name);
X509_NAME_ENTRY *X509_NAME_get_entry(const X509_NAME *name, int loc);

int X509_NAME_get_text_by_NID(const X509_NAME *name, int nid,
                              char *buf, int len);
int X509_NAME_get_text_by_OBJ(const X509_NAME *name, const ASN1_OBJECT *obj,
                              char *buf, int len);


These functions allow an X509_NAME structure to be examined. The X509_NAME structure is the same as the Name type defined in RFC2459 (and elsewhere) and used for example in certificate subject and issuer names.

X509_NAME_get_index_by_NID() and X509_NAME_get_index_by_OBJ() retrieve the next index matching nid or obj after lastpos. lastpos should initially be set to -1. If there are no more entries -1 is returned. If nid is invalid (doesn't correspond to a valid OID) then -2 is returned.

X509_NAME_entry_count() returns the total number of entries in name.

X509_NAME_get_entry() retrieves the X509_NAME_ENTRY from name corresponding to index loc. Acceptable values for loc run from 0 to (X509_NAME_entry_count(name) - 1). The value returned is an internal pointer which must not be freed.

X509_NAME_get_text_by_NID(), X509_NAME_get_text_by_OBJ() retrieve the "text" from the first entry in name which matches nid or obj, if no such entry exists -1 is returned. At most len bytes will be written and the text written to buf will be null terminated. The length of the output string written is returned excluding the terminating null. If buf is <NULL> then the amount of space needed in buf (excluding the final null) is returned.


X509_NAME_get_text_by_NID() and X509_NAME_get_text_by_OBJ() should be considered deprecated because they have various limitations which make them of minimal use in practice. They can only find the first matching entry and will copy the contents of the field verbatim: this can be highly confusing if the target is a multicharacter string type like a BMPString or a UTF8String.

For a more general solution X509_NAME_get_index_by_NID() or X509_NAME_get_index_by_OBJ() should be used followed by X509_NAME_get_entry() on any matching indices and then the various X509_NAME_ENTRY utility functions on the result.

The list of all relevant NID_* and OBJ_* codes can be found in the source code header files <openssl/obj_mac.h> and/or <openssl/objects.h>.

Applications which could pass invalid NIDs to X509_NAME_get_index_by_NID() should check for the return value of -2. Alternatively the NID validity can be determined first by checking OBJ_nid2obj(nid) is not NULL.


X509_NAME_get_index_by_NID() and X509_NAME_get_index_by_OBJ() return the index of the next matching entry or -1 if not found. X509_NAME_get_index_by_NID() can also return -2 if the supplied NID is invalid.

X509_NAME_entry_count() returns the total number of entries, and 0 for failure.

X509_NAME_get_entry() returns an X509_NAME pointer to the requested entry or NULL if the index is invalid.


Process all entries:

int i;

for (i = 0; i < X509_NAME_entry_count(nm); i++) {
    e = X509_NAME_get_entry(nm, i);
    /* Do something with e */

Process all commonName entries:

int lastpos = -1;

for (;;) {
    lastpos = X509_NAME_get_index_by_NID(nm, NID_commonName, lastpos);
    if (lastpos == -1)
    e = X509_NAME_get_entry(nm, lastpos);
    /* Do something with e */


ERR_get_error(3), d2i_X509_NAME(3)

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