OpenSSL

Cryptography and SSL/TLS Toolkit

openssl-mac

NAME

openssl-mac - perform Message Authentication Code operations

SYNOPSIS

openssl mac [-help] [-macopt] [-in filename] [-out filename] [-binary] mac_name

openssl mac [...] mac_name

DESCRIPTION

The message authentication code functions output the MAC of a supplied input file.

OPTIONS

-help

Print a usage message.

-in filename

Input filename to calculate a MAC for, or standard input by default. Standard input is used if the filename is '-'. Files are expected to be in binary format, standard input uses hexadecimal text format.

-out filename

Filename to output to, or standard output by default.

-binary

Output the MAC in binary form. Uses hexadecimal text format if not specified.

-macopt nm:v

Passes options to the MAC algorithm. A comprehensive list of controls can be found in the EVP_MAC implementation documentation. Common parameter names used by EVP_MAC_CTX_get_params() are:

key:string

Specifies the MAC key as an alphanumeric string (use if the key contains printable characters only). The string length must conform to any restrictions of the MAC algorithm. A key must be specified for every MAC algorithm.

hexkey:string

Specifies the MAC key in hexadecimal form (two hex digits per byte). The key length must conform to any restrictions of the MAC algorithm. A key must be specified for every MAC algorithm.

digest:string

Used by HMAC as an alphanumeric string (use if the key contains printable characters only). The string length must conform to any restrictions of the MAC algorithm. To see the list of supported digests, use the command list -digest-commands.

cipher:string

Used by CMAC and GMAC to specify the cipher algorithm. For CMAC it must be one of AES-128-CBC, AES-192-CBC, AES-256-CBC or DES-EDE3-CBC. For GMAC it should be a GCM mode cipher e.g. AES-128-GCM.

iv:string

Used by GMAC to specify an IV as an alphanumeric string (use if the IV contains printable characters only).

hexiv:string

Used by GMAC to specify an IV in hexadecimal form (two hex digits per byte).

outlen:int

Used by KMAC128 or KMAC256 to specify an output length. The default sizes are 32 or 64 bytes respectively.

custom:string

Used by KMAC128 or KMAC256 to specify a customization string. The default is the empty string "".

mac_name

Specifies the name of a supported MAC algorithm which will be used. To see the list of supported MAC's use the command list -mac-algorithms.

EXAMPLES

To create a hex-encoded HMAC-SHA1 MAC of a file and write to stdout: \ openssl mac -macopt digest:SHA1 \ -macopt hexkey:000102030405060708090A0B0C0D0E0F10111213 \ -in msg.bin HMAC

To create a SipHash MAC from a file with a binary file output: \ openssl mac -macopt hexkey:000102030405060708090A0B0C0D0E0F \ -in msg.bin -out out.bin -binary SipHash

To create a hex-encoded CMAC-AES-128-CBC MAC from a file:\ openssl mac -macopt cipher:AES-128-CBC \ -macopt hexkey:77A77FAF290C1FA30C683DF16BA7A77B \ -in msg.bin CMAC

To create a hex-encoded KMAC128 MAC from a file with a Customisation String 'Tag' and output length of 16: \ openssl mac -macopt custom:Tag -macopt hexkey:40414243444546 \ -macopt outlen:16 -in msg.bin KMAC128

To create a hex-encoded GMAC-AES-128-GCM with a IV from a file: \ openssl mac -macopt cipher:AES-128-GCM -macopt hexiv:E0E00F19FED7BA0136A797F3 \ -macopt hexkey:77A77FAF290C1FA30C683DF16BA7A77B -in msg.bin GMAC

NOTES

The MAC mechanisms that are available will depend on the options used when building OpenSSL. The list -mac-algorithms command can be used to list them.

SEE ALSO

openssl(1), EVP_MAC(3), EVP_MAC-CMAC(7), EVP_MAC-GMAC(7), EVP_MAC-HMAC(7), EVP_MAC-KMAC(7), EVP_MAC-SIPHASH(7), EVP_MAC-POLY1305(7)

Copyright 2018-2019 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

Licensed under the OpenSSL license (the "License"). You may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You can obtain a copy in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at https://www.openssl.org/source/license.html.